Thailand History -Flag & Song




Before 1917 the Thai flag was red with a white elephant, an emblem of the absolute monarchy.  It was changed by King Vajiravudh (Rama VI) in 1917 when Siam entered World War I on the side of the Allies. Today's flag consists of five horizontal bands of red, white and blue. The three colors represent the three pillars of the Thai nation.  The outer red bands stand for the country, white for Buddhism and blue for the monarchy.




National Anthem (Phleng Chaat)

The national anthem is played on all ceremonial occasions of national importance and while the national flag is being raised and lowered. Its music was composed in 1932 by Professor Phra Jenduriyang (1883-1968), while the lyrics, as presently constituted, were written in 1939 by Colonel Luang Saranuprabhandh (1896-1954).


Thai Version

English Version

Pra thet thai ruam luad nu'a chat chu'a thai

Thailand embraces in its bosom all people of Thai blood

Pen pra cha rat pha thai kho'ng thai thuk suan

Every inch of Thailand belongs to the Thais

Yu dam rong khong wai dai thang muan

It has long maintained its sovereignty,

Duay thai luan mai rak sa mak khi

Because the Thais have always been united

Thai ni rak sa ngop

The Thai people are peace-loving,

tae thu'ng rop mai khalt

But they are no cowards at war

Ek ka rat ha mai hai khrai khom khi

They shall allow no one to rob them of their independence, nor shall they suffer tyranny

Sa la luat thuk yat pen chat phli

All Thais are ready to give up every drop of blood

Tha loeng pra thet chat thai tha wi mi chat chai yo

For the nation's safety, freedom and progress.


King's Anthem


Thai Version

English Version

Kha wora Phutta Chao

I, slave of the Lord Buddha

Ao mano lae sira kran

Prostrate my heart and head

Nop Phra-pumi ban boonya direk

To pay homage and give great blessings

Ek barroma Chakarin

To the protector of the land

Phra Sayamin

One of the Great Chakri Dynasty

Phra Yodsa ying yong

Head of the Thai people

Yen sira pruo Phra bariban

Supreme in rank

Pon Phra kunta raksa

I know comfort from your protection

Praung pracha pen sooksarn

Because of your gracious care

Khor bandarn

All the people are happy and peaceful

Ta prasong dai

We pray that whatever you wish for

Jong sarit

Fate will grant you

Dang, wang, wora hareutai

According to your heart's desire

Dutja tawai chai chaiyo

To bring you prosperity, we salute you


Thai Symbols

The Thai national and royal symbol is a Garuda, a mythical half-bird half-human figure (steed of the Hindu god Vishnu) that adorns King Bhumibol Adulyadej's scepter and royal standard. Many ministries and departments have incorporated the Garuda into their insignias. Moreover, the Garuda symbolizes 'By Royal Appointment' and is awarded, at the personal discretion of His Majesty the King, as a sign of royal approval to companies that have rendered outstanding economic and charitable services to Thailand. Such an award is rarely bestowed and is considered a great honor.



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